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RADIOLOGY WEBSITES : ANATOMY ATLASES

Few Useful Anatomy Atlases
Websites

1.
Henry Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body is available at http://www.bartleby.com/107/ This 20th edition (1918) has many of its 1,247 illustrations in color and unchanged since the first edition of 1859. The illustrations may be searchable by keyword or by a table of contents or directly browsed by thumbnail. There are 13,000 entries presented in an encyclopedic subject index with hyperlinks to their respective pages and illustrations in the text.

2. Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation
is an useful educational site available at http://www.vh.org/Providers/Textbooks/AnatomicVariants/AnatomyHP.html This encyclopedia deals with comparative anatomy listed alphabetically or by region and distinctively boasts a large index of anatomic synonyms from the older English, French, and German literature

3.
Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section is an online resource fashioned by RA Bergman et al from the University of Iowa College of Medicine. Created in 1995, this online atlas is available at http://www.vh.org/Providers/Textbooks/HumanAnatomy/CrossSectionAtlas.html This site highlights the renaissance of Sectional anatomy imaging and comprehensively covers the topic by regions that are divided conveniently into seven sections ranging from Head and Neck to Lower Limb. Another site which focuses on cross sectional images is accessible at http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/GrossAnatomy/x_sec/mainx_sec.htm

4. Lumen or Loyola University Medical Education Network is an online Dissector from the Loyola University at Chicago. This site is accessible at http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/GrossAnatomy/ The site has a variety of features such as the Lumen Dissector at http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/GrossAnatomy/dissector/index.html , Master Muscle List at http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/GrossAnatomy/dissector/mml/ , Cross-sectional Anatomy and Cross-sectional Tutorial. Other interesting highlights of this site are a "List of Three's" in Gross Anatomy and some useful Anatomy Links on the Internet.

5. The Visible Human Project
from NLM at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/visible/visible_human.html offers anatomically detailed, three-dimensional digital image library of volumetric data representations of the normal male and female human. Credited with the graceful incorporation of the anachronistic discipline of anatomy into the digital realm of "techno science", this dataset is used presently for educational purposes (replacing the need for cadavers), training (surgical techniques on virtual bodies), and physician-patient consultation (witnessing a potential surgery).

6. The SPL's Anatomy Browser Project "
brings a rich, highly detailed, hierarchical view of human anatomy to ordinary computers or workstations". The site has anatomic data sets on anatomical areas like chest and abdomen, spine, pelvis, the inner ear, and the knee. Besides all this the site, which is accessible at http://splweb.bwh.harvard.edu:8000/pages/papers/AnatomyBrowser/current/index.html also offers images on Clinical Cases.

7. Vesalius
at http://www.vesalius.com/folios.asp is a leading Internet resource for surgical education. Honored after Vesalius (1514-1564), the contents are located in two areas: the Clinical Folios and the Image Archive. While the former is a collection of graphical narratives on surgical anatomy and procedures arranged by topic and headings (Narratives, Thumbnails, Transparencies, and Quizzes), the Image Archive is a hierarchically structured storehouse of anatomical and surgical illustrations. This elegant site elaborately embraces many surgical topics including embryology, pediatric surgery, and vascular surgery with images, illustrations, photographs, animations, and multimedia resources.

8. Anatomy Tables
is a special feature available at http://anatomy.uams.edu/htmlpages/anatomyhtml/medcharts.html from University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. Some of the material presented in these tables is derived form the book MedCharts Anatomy by TR Gest and J Schlesinger. The tables are organized by System or by Region and covers arteries, bones, fascia, joints, lymphatics, muscles, nerves, topography, veins, thorax and abdomen, pelvis and perineum, head and neck. The site also has an Atlas of Images in Anatomy, which is accessible at http://anatomy.uams.edu/htmlpages/anatomyhtml/gross_atlas.html

9. A Musculoskeletal Atlas of the Human Body is accessible from http://eduserv.hscer.washington.edu/hubio553/atlas/index.html This atlas has been created and compiled by Carol Teitz, M.D. and Dan Graney, Ph.D. Navigation of the Atlas is made possible by user friendly keys. This Online atlas covers the topic under major regions such as Shoulder, Wrist, Hip, Knees etc. Within these regions the atlas focuses on joints, bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves and compartments. Concerning "muscles" three sites are particularly useful ; Hypermuscles from University of Michigan at http://www.med.umich.edu/lrc/Hypermuscle/Hyper.html , Master Muscle list home page at http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/GrossAnatomy/dissector/mml/index.htm and Hosford Muscle Tables: Skeletal Muscles of the Human Body at http://www.ptcentral.com/muscles/.

10.
Anatomy Atlas is a digital library of antomical information availabe at http://www.anatomyatlases.org/. Offered in this aite are Anatomy Textbookslike "Atlas of Human Anatomy", "Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section", "Atlas of Microscopic Anatomy - A Functional Approach", "Anatomy of First Aid - A Case Study Approach" and the informative "Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation" and a separate section titled "Lessons From a Bone Box"


Endpiece


The historical evaluation of the human body is an interesting exposition available as Dessins Anatomiques De Leonardo Da Vinci at http://www.intermedic.org/stethonet/vinci/vinci.htm

From the University of Washington, there are useful educative features such as Cases in Anatomy at http://www.rad.washington.edu/quickcases/index.html and Anatomy Teaching Modules at http://www.rad.washington.edu/anatomy/index.html Similarly, Anatomy tutorials available at http://numedsun.ncl.ac.uk/~nds4/tutorials/index.html and SPL & NSL Anatomy Browser at http://www.spl.harvard.edu:8000/pages/papers/AnatomyBrowser/current/ are valuable sites.


An array of websites that map Anatomy sites on the Internet are available as Anatomy Internet Links at http://www.med.umich.edu/lrc/coursepages/M1/anatomy/html/courseinfo/links.html , Institute Library Anatomy Links at http://www.mic.ki.se/Anatomy.html , Loyola University Anatomy Links at http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/GrossAnatomy/anatomy.htm , Medscout Links at http://www.medscout.com/education/anatomy/ , University of Mainze Links http://www.uni-mainz.de/FB/Medizin/Anatomie/workshop/ANAlinks.html and UAMS Anatomy Links at http://anatomy.uams.edu/htmlpages/anatomyhtml/anatomylinks.html

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