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Few Useful Websites related to Hepatobiliary Imaging

1. Definition of the Couinaud Segments from the Division of Physiologic Imaging, Department of Radiology, University of Iowa is accessible at http://everest.radiology.uiowa.edu/nlm/app/livertoc/liver/8seg.html. The material illustratively describes the Couinaud classification, which divides the liver into eight independent segments each with its own vascular inflow, outflow, and biliary drainage. These are thoroughly analyzed in multiple planes passing through right, middle and left hepatic vein, umbilical fissure and portal vein, by generating images in 3-D Maximum Intensity Projections (MIP), Shaded Surface Views and MPEG Movies. 3D Visualization of Liver Segmentation by Susanne Shamsolkottabi, Bruce Brown, M.D., and Eric Hoffman, Ph.D. from the University of Iowa College of Medicine is accessible at http://everest.radiology.uiowa.edu/nlm/app/livertoc/liverseg/liverseg.html.

Hepatobiliary Radiology Index is a part of the WebPath Resource Collection, an on-line electronic course in pathology. This section available at http://www.bcnr.moph.go.th/webpath/radiol/heparad/heparad.htm has copyrighted images, text and tutorials made available from Department of Pathology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America. The material prepared by Edward C. Klatt MD, has a set of CT and MRI scans comprising of common liver, gall bladder and pancreatic disease entities, with its pathological correlation.

Diseases of the Liver is an alphabetical list of liver diseases and conditions with hypertext links available at http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/gi/disliv.html. Edited and produced by Howard J. Worman, M. D. from the Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Departments of Medicine and of Anatomy and Cell Biology at Columbia University, New York, the material links to various disease entities.

4. Surgical Tutor Org at http://www.surgical-tutor.org.uk/system/abdomen/pancreatitis.htm offers a wide variety of surgical topics, many of which are useful and relevant to the practice of Clinical Radiology. The material on Hepatobiliary and abdomen is wide ranged, taking in important entities like hernias, Peritonitis, Appendicitis, Ovarian cysts, Perforated peptic ulcer, Diverticular disease, Upper GI haemorrhage, Small and large bowel obstruction, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Pancreatic cancer, Chronic pancreatitis. Besides a section on Revision Notes is on hand at http://www.surgical-tutor.org.uk/default-home.htm?revision.htm~right.

Gastroresource at http://gastroresource.com/GITextbook/En/Default.htm is a website providing information on various topics within gastroenterology, adapted from "First Principles of Gastroenterology: The Basis of Disease and an Approach to Management". The sections on pancreas, biliary system and liver are covered under chapters 12, 13 and 14 commencing at http://gastroresource.com/GITextbook/En/Chapter12/Default.htm.

6. The section on Hepatobiliary Disorders in Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy is available at http://www.merck.com/mrkshared/mmanual/section4/sec4.jsp The Chapters commence with Anatomy and Physiology, Screening and Diagnostic Evaluation, Postoperative Liver Disorders, Clinical Features of Liver Disease and courses through Fatty Liver, Vascular Lesions, Alcoholic Liver Disease, Liver Tumors and Chronic Liver Disease, while covering important topics such as Chronic Liver Disease,. Extrahepatic Biliary Disorders and Hepatitis.

The BMJ Collections of material on Liver, including hepatitis and cirrhosis is available at http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/collection/liver. Similarly, the material on Pancreas and biliary tract is accessible at http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/collection/Pancreas_and_biliary_tract. Incidentally, the eBMJ collections are a compendium of the most recent articles from the BMJ and journals within BMJ Publishing Group.

8. Applied Radiology
at http://www.appliedradiology.com/ a publication from Anderson Publishing, Scotch Plains, NJ. The monthly journal which is available on the Internet, covers Hepatobiliary material and is available on a single page for quick and convenient reference. The articles cover a range of important topics, like Contrast-enhanced MRI of the liver, Image-guided therapy of hepatic malignancies, Current Uses of Gadolinium Chelates for Clinical MRI Examination of the Liver, MRI of benign hepatic lesions , Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, MRI of focal liver lesions, MRI of diffuse liver disease, Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI of the Liver and Pancreas, Clinical update: Breath-hold 3D gadolinium-enhanced multiphasic abdominal MR, Clinical and imaging features of acute and chronic pancreatitis and MR cholangiopancreatography.

9. The Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology of Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a featured review, authored by Prof. Carlo Bartolozzi, Dr. Davide Caramella, Dr. Riccardo Lencioni and Dr. Nicola Armillotta. This useful educative material is accessible at http://www.rad.unipi.it/works/hcc/presentation-hcc.html and is presented from the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology at University of Pisa, Italy. .The material is divided into convenient sections titled introduction, detection and characterization, staging work-up, treatment strategy, follow-up of treated tumors and references.

10. Pancreatic Cancer at http://imsdd.meb.uni-bonn.de/cancer.gov/CDR0000062951.html is a treatise comprising of a treatment statement for Health professionals. The sections cover the topic comprehensively, including Cellular Classification, Stage Information, Treatment Option Overview and the various Stages of Pancreatic Cancer. Moreover, recurrent pancreatic cancer is also dealt with.


A large set of Gasteroenterology and Digestive System Diseases links is accessible from Karolinska University at http://www.mic.ki.se/Diseases/c6.html.

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