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RADIOLOGY WEBSITES : RADIATION

Few Useful Websites on Radiation

1. International Commission on Radiological Protection : ICRP at http://www.icrp.org/ is an independent body created for providing to the public, information on the science of radiological protection and providing recommendations and guidance on all aspects of protection against ionizing radiation. The website has features on News, Drafts and publications, Activities, Links and site map. Similarly, International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements at http://www.icru.org/ has material on current programs, ICRU Reports Report Abstracts , ICRU News etc

2. National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB) at http://www.nrpb.org.uk/ advising on the health effects of ionising and non-ionising radiation. The site contains details of the current publication information, information on radiological protection, and recent press releases. Abstracts are available online for most publications. There is also a subsection on Radiological Protection Bulletin and the Publications archive Memoranda. An interesting section on Radiological Protection - Background Information is available at http://www.nrpb.org.uk/Advice/Basics/Backinfo.htm


3. Radiation-induced Skin Injuries from Fluoroscopy authored by TB Shope, from the Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration at http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/rsnaii.html is a scientific paper investigating radiation injuries reported to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) resulting from therapeutic, interventional procedures performed under fluoroscopic guidance. The site also highlights the need for awareness of the potential for patient radiation injury in centres conducting therapeutic interventional procedures.

4. Safety of Radiographic Imaging During Pregnancy is an article from K S Toppenberg, DA Hill and DP Miller from Florida Hospital Medical Center, Orlando featured in the American Academy of Family Physicians available at http://www.aafp.org/afp/990401ap/1813.html. The article has many useful tables including one on "Estimated fetal exposure for various diagnostic imaging methods". The site highlights the concerns of patient, physician and all radiology Department personnel on the potential harm to the fetus from radiation exposure.


5. Radiation Safety Manual from Stanford at http://www.stanford.edu/dept/EHS/rad/manual/part1/measure.htm is one of the exhaustive safety manuals in the discipline of Radiation Safety. The manual comprehensively covers The Science and Technology of Ionizing Radiation, Regulations for the Safe Use of Ionizing Radiation, Administrative and Technical Procedures. There are numerous subsections covering Properties of radioactivity and units of measure, Interactions of particulate radiation and photons with matter, Measurement of radiation and a unit of exposure, Biological effects of radiation and units of dose, ALARA policy.


6. Diagnosic Xray Safety Manual at http://www.ehs.ucdavis.edu/hp/axs/dxsindex.html from University of California at Davis deals with important issues such as units of Radiation measurement, Radiation protection standards, Biological effects of ionizing Radiation, Radiation exposure limits and comparisons, Dosimetry, Physics of X-Ray production, principles of fundamental health physics. Moreover there are interesting sections on Radiographic and Fluoroscopic general safety protocol. There are some absorbing sections on Radiation protection standards at http://www.ehs.ucdavis.edu/hp/axs/std1.html, Radiation Links at http://ehs.ucsc.edu/rs/rs.html. An interractive Radioactive decay calculator is also available.

7. Caltech Radiation Safety Training Manual is a guidebook from California Institute of Technology available at http://www.cco.caltech.edu/~safety/trm.html. The highlight of this manual is the wide coverage of the topics that are included. There are sections on Radiation fundamentals, interaction of Radiation with matter, Activity, Exposure, and Dose. Dose concepts. Of interest are the sections on Radiation safety for X-ray units, and Radioactive waste disposal.


8. The Radiation Information Network at http://www.physics.isu.edu/radinf/ from the Idaho State University Presents has a variety of Radiation and the professions of Radiation Protection. sections such as Regulations, Professional Organizations, Research and Educational.


9. Radiation Protection Resources on The Internet at http://web.wn.net/~usr/ricter/home/dowd.html comprises one of the comprehensive Radiation related links. Maintained by R.Terrass, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. There are remarkable items on advisory bodies, Dosimetry, health effects such as acute radiation syndromes and low level exposure etc. Historic events such as human radiation experiments as well as links to databases, professional organizations and publications are available here.


10. From the University of Michigan, at http://www.umich.edu/~radinfo/ , a Radiation and Health Physics page has material for the service of the Health Physics community. The site has features on introduction to Radiation, professional resources, research sources, organizations and societies, educational resources. Also there are links to specific Radiation topics and a separate section on hot topics in Radiation.

Endpiece

A set of History of Radiation and Radiation Protection links from Radiation Information Network's is browsable at http://www.physics.isu.edu/radinf/hist.htm. The history and the significance of the symbol indicating the Radiation Warning Symbol: 'Trefoil' is the main theme at http://www.orau.com/ptp/articlesstories/radwarnsymbstory.htm. The radiation-warning symbol is dealt here at length in this website from the Oak Ridge Associated Universities.

Introduction to Radioactivity is a downloadable Portable Document File available at http://www.healthcare.salford.ac.uk/radiography/Web site/Download files/RADINTRO.PDF. A assortment of important Radiation Topics are accessible at http://www.umich.edu/~radinfo/hot.html. For the student a Questions and Study Guide based on the State of California Syllabus on Radiography Radiation Protection, created by Carlton RR, City College of San Francisco is offered at http://www.radscice.com/rp.html. Similarly, a Radiation Safety Glossary is presented by NRPB at http://www.nrpb.org.uk/Advice/Glossary/Glossary.htm

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